Didactique des Sciences

History of science, science studies, and science education

University of Geneva
Uni Carl Vogt
CH -1211 Geneva 4

Bruno J. Strasser

Professor, Section of Biology
and IUFE, University of Geneva
Adjunct professor, Yale University
Bruno.Strasser@unige.ch
Tel +41 22 379 0712

Collaborators

Céline Brockmann, scientific collaborator, Bioscope.
Romain Dewaele, scientific collaborator, Bioscope
Kostas Kampourakis, scientific collaborator, Bioscope.
Fabia Kessas, scientific collaborator, Bioscope
Rémy Kopp, lecturer, IUFE.
François Lombard, lecturer, IUFE.
Dana Mahr, postdoc, ERC/SNSF Consolidator Grant
Lucas Mueller, ERC/SNSF Consolidator Grant
Steven Piguet, scientific collaborator, ERC/SNSF Consolidator Grant
Elisa Radosta, scientific collaborator, Bioscope
Gabriela Sanchez, PhD Student ERC/SNSF Consolidator Grant
René Sigrist, scientific collaborator, ERC/SNSF Consolidator Grant
Patricia Silveira, scientific collaborator, Bioscope
Mona Spiridon, scientific collaborator, Bioscope
Elise Tancoigne, postdoc, ERC/SNSF Consolidator Grant
Martina von Arx, PhD Student, SNSF Sinergia,
Candice Yvon, scientific collaborator, Bioscope.

Research

Bruno J. Strasser’s research focuses on the history of the life sciences and science education. His last book, Collecting Experiments: Making Big Data Biology (2019) explores the history of data collecting in the 20th century. His first book, La fabrique d’une nouvelle science: La biologie moléculaire à l’âge atomique, 1945-1964 (2006) explores the emergence of molecular biology as new scientific discipline and professional identity in the atomic age. It received the Henry-E. Sigerist prize 2006.

He is currently working on a new book project on public participation in science. He has published on the history of international scientific cooperation during the Cold War, the interactions between experimental science and clinical medicine, the transformations of the pharmaceutical industry, the development of scientific instrumentation, the role of collective memory, and the relationships between science and society. He has developed an outreach lab, the Bioscope.

Past appointments

  • Assistant professor, Yale University
  • Visiting professor, University of Manchester
  • Visiting professor, University of Barcelona
  • Visiting fellow, Princeton University
  • Senior lecturer, University of Lausanne
  • Research fellow, Max Planck Institut für Wissenschaftsgeschichte, Berlin
  • Research fellow, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Paris
  • PhD University of Geneva and University of Paris 7 (2002)

Publications

Books and edited volumes

  • Strasser BJ (2019) Collecting Experiments: Making Big Data Biology, Chicago: University of Chicago Press (link)
  • Strasser BJ and Edwards P (2015) Open Access: Publishing, Commerce, and the Scientific Ethos (Document SSIC 9/2015), Berne: CSSI (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ (2014) Biomedicine: Meanings, assumptions, and possible futures (Document SSIC 6/2013), Berne: CSST (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ (2006) La fabrique d’une nouvelle science, La biologie moléculaire à l’âge atomique, 1945-1964, Florence: Olschki. Awarded the Henry-E. Sigerist Prize 2006. (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ and Bürgi M, Eds. (2005). Science, Industry and the State in the XXth Century, special issue of the Revue Suisse d’Histoire, 55(1)
  • Strasser BJ and Chadarevian S, Eds. (2002). Molecular Biology in Post-War Europe, special issue of Studies in the History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 33(3)

Papers (selection)

  • Strasser, BJ, Baudry, J, Mahr, D, Sanchez, G & Tancoigne, E. ( 2019), “‘Citizen
    Science’? Rethinking Science and Public Participation”, Science & Technology Studies, 32(2), 52-76.
  • Strasser BJ, (2018) “Collecting Dreams in the Molecular Sciences: Margaret Dayhoff and The Atlas of Protein Sequence and Structure”, In: Oren Harman & Michael Dietrich (eds), Dreamers, Visionaries, and Revolutionaries in the Life Sciences, Chicago: Chicago University Press, 128-142
  • Strasser, BJ and Edwards P (2017),“Big Data is the Answer… But What is the Question?”, Osiris 32(1), 328-345
  • Strasser BJ and Mahr D, (2017), “Experiential Knowledge, Public Participation, and the Challenge to the Authority of Science in the 1970s”, Harvard Law Bill of Health, (link)
  • Strasser BJ, (2017), “The “Data-Deluge”: Turning Private Data into Public Archives”, In: Lorraine Daston (ed), Science in the Archives, Pasts, Presents, Futures, Chicago: Chicago University Press, 185-202
  • Kampourakis, K., Silveira, P. & Strasser, BJ, (2016), “How Do Preservice Biology Teachers Explain the Origin of Biological Traits?: A Philosophical Analysis”, Science Education, 100(6), 1124-1149
  • Strasser BJ, (2015), “Myth 22: That Linus Pauling’s Discovery of the Molecular Basis of Sickle Cell Anemia Revolutionized Medical Practice”, In: Kostas Kampourakis and Ronald L. Numbers (eds), Newton’s Apple and Other Historical Myths About Science, Boston: Harvard University Press, 178-185
  • Kampourakis, K and Strasser, BJ (2014), « The Evolutionist, the Creationist, and the ‘Unsure’: Picking-Up the Wrong Fight? », International Journal of Science Education, Part B: Communication and Public Engagement (article)
  • Kampourakis, K, Reydon, TAC, Patrinos, GP and Strasser, BJ (2014), “Genetics and Society- Educating Scientifically Literate Citizens”, Science & Education, 23(2), 251-258 (pdf)
  • Strasser, BJ (2012) “Practices, Styles, and Narratives: Collecting in the History of the Life Sciences », Osiris, 27(1), 303-340 (pdf)
  • Strasser, BJ (2012) “Data-driven sciences: From wonder cabinets to electronic databases”, Studies in the History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 43, 85-87 (pdf)
  • Strasser, BJ and de Chadarevian, S (2011), « The Comparative and the Exemplary: Revisiting the History of Molecular Biology » , History of Science, xlix, 317-336 (pdf)
  • Strasser, BJ (2011), « The Experimenter’s Museum: GenBank, Natural History, and the Moral Economies of Biomedicine, 1979-1982″, Isis, 102, 60-96 (pdf)
  • Strasser, BJ (2010), “Collecting, comparing, and computing sequences: The making of Margaret O. Dayhoff’s Atlas of Protein Sequences and Structure, 1954-1965”, Journal of the History of Biology, 43, 623-660 (pdf)
  • Strasser, BJ (2010), “Laboratories, Museums, and the Comparative Perspective: Alan A. Boyden’s Serological Taxonomy, 1925-1962”, Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences, 40(2), 149-182 (pdf)
  • Strasser, BJ (2009), “The Co-Production of Neutral Science and Neutral State in Cold War Europe: Switzerland and International Scientific Cooperation, 1951–1969”, Osiris, 24, 165-187 (pdf)
  • Joye-Cagnard, F. and Strasser BJ (2009), “Energie atomique, guerre froide et neutralité: La Suisse et le plan ‘Atomes pour la Paix’, 1945–1957”, Traverses, 2, 37-53 (pdf)
  • Bürgi, M. and Strasser, BJ (2009), “Pharma in Transition – New Approaches to Drug Development at F. Hoffmann-La Roche & Co., 1960–1980”. In: Perspectives on 20th-Century Pharmaceuticals, edited by V. Quirke and J. Slinn, Oxford: Peter Lang, 391-432 (pdf)
  • Strasser, BJ (2008). “GenBank: Natural History in the 21st Century?” Science 322: 537-538 (pdf)
  • Strasser, BJ (2008). “Magic Bullets and Wonder Pills: Making Drugs and Diseases in the Twentieth Century”, Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences 38 (2), 303-12 (pdf)
  • Strasser, BJ (2007) “Collectionner ou expérimenter ? Les bases de données bioinformatiques, un nouveau lieu de production du savoir”, In: Les lieux de savoir, edited by C. Jacob, Paris: Albin Michel, 681-703 (pdf)
  • Strasser, BJ (2006), “A World in One Dimension: Linus Pauling, Francis Crick and the Central Dogma of Molecular Biology”, History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences, 28, 491-512 (pdf)
  • Strasser, BJ (2006), “UNESCO and the Life Sciences: International Scientific Cooperation During the Cold War”. In: Sixty Years of Science at UNESCO 1945-2005, edited by P. Petitjean. Paris: UNESCO, 60-65
  • Strasser, BJ (2006) “Collecting and Experimenting: The moral economies of biological research, 1960s-1980s.”, Preprints of the Max-Planck Institute for the History of Science, 310 (pdf)
  • Strasser, BJ et Joye, F (2005) “L’atome, l’espace et les molécules : La coopération scientifique internationale comme nouvel outil de la diplomatie helvétique (1951-1969)”. Relations Internationales, 121, 59-72 (pdf)
  • Strasser, BJ et Joye, F (2005) “Une science « neutre » dans la Guerre froide ? La Suisse et la coopération scientifique européenne (1951-1969)”. Revue Suisse d’Histoire, 55(1), 95-112 (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ and Bürgi M, (2005). “L’histoire des sciences, une histoire à part entière ?” Revue Suisse d’Histoire, 55(1), 3-16 (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ and Dubochet J (2005), “Orbituary: Eduard Kellenberger (1920-2004)”, Nature, 433, 817 (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ (2004) “Microscopy : from Abbe to the scanning electron microscope.”, Storia della scienza, edited by S. Petrucciolo, Rome, Instituto della Encoclopedia Italiana, 8, 753-758
  • Strasser BJ (2003) “Who cares about the double helix ?”, Nature, 422, 803-804 (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ (2003) “The transformation of biological sciences in post-war Europe: EMBO and the early days of European molecular biology research”, EMBO Reports, 4(6), 540-543 (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ (2002) “Institutionalizing Molecular Biology in Post-War Europe: A Comparative Study”, Studies in the History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 33, 533-564 (pdf)
  • de Chadarevian S et Strasser BJ (2002). “Molecular Biology in Post-War Europe: Towards a ‘Glocal’ Picture” Studies in the History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, 33, 361-365 (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ (2002) ”Linus Pauling’s ‘Molecular Diseases’, Between History and Memory”, Amercian Journal of Medical Genetics, 115, 83-93 (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ (2002) “Microscopes électroniques, totems de laboratoires et réseaux transnationaux: L’émergence de la biologie moléculaire à Genève (1945-1960)”, Revue d’Histoire des Sciences, 55(1), 5-53 (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ (1999) “‘Sickle Cell Anemia, a Molecular Disease’”, Science, 286, 1488-1490 (pdf)

Book reviews (selection)

  • Strasser BJ (2016) “Review of: Rasmussen, N, Gene Jockeys: Life Science and the Rise of the Biotech Enterprise, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2014, Bulletin of the History of Medicine 90(1), 85-86
  • Strasser BJ (2010) “Review of: Lynch, M., Cole, S.A., Mc-Nally, R., Jordan, K., 2008, Truth Machine: The Contentious History of DNA Fingerprinting. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008, Isis 101(1), 260-261 (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ (2007) “Review of: Doel R.E., Söderqvist T., 2006, The Historiography of Science, Technology, and Medicine : Writing Recent Science, New York: Routledge”, Isis 98(4), 867-868 (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ (2007), “How Alternative is Alternative Medicine?”, Nature Medicine, 13(7), 775 (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ (2004) “A Scientific Entrepreneur: Review of Berg, P. and Singer, M. (2003) George Beadle: An Uncommon Farmer. The Emergence of Genetics in the 20th Century », American Scientist, 92, 176-178 (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ (2003) “Review of : Holmes, F. L. (2001). Meselson, Stahl, and the Replication of DNA”, Isis, 94(3), 558-560 (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ (2003) “Review of : Summers, W. C. (1999), Félix d’Hérelle and the Origins of Molecular Biology”, Journal of the History of Biology, 33, 191-194 (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ (1999) “Review of : Molecularizing Biology and Medicine, New Practices and Alliances, 1910s to 1970s”, History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences, 21 (1), 120-121
  • Strasser BJ (1999) “Review of : Friedberg, E. C. (1997), Correcting the Blueprint of Life, History and Philosophy of the Life Science, 21(1): 397-399
  • Strasser BJ (1999) “Molecular Biology, Macroscopic History”, BioScience, 49(11), 929-931 (pdf)
  • Strasser BJ (1999) “DNA: A Story of a Thousand Heroes”, BioScience, 49(3), 241-243 (pdf)